Here is a guide you may find useful:
Download Ethereum Software
Setup Ethereum Software
Download Mining Software
Setup Mining Software
Step 1: Download Geth
The first thing you need to do is go to this link download Geth.
Geth is the program that communicates with the Ethereum Network and acts as the a relay between your computer, its hardware and ...
An 'Ethereum client' is just a term. It refers to any node able to parse and verify the blockchain, its smart contracts and everything related. It also allows you/provides interfaces to create transactions and mine blocks which is the key for any blockchain interaction.
Official reference implementations (CLI)
There are currently three reference ...
Geth uses leveldb. Some of the reasons behind choosing it was:
In process database (i.e. I don't need to run an additional software)
Native implementation in Go (i.e. cross platform to everything Go supports)
Key/value store (i.e. values are arbitrary binary blobs, no schema constraints)
Modern data storage (i.e. multiple layers on disk, organized in the ...
Because you ran geth as a daemon you can either:
killall -HUP geth
in one line, or get the pid with:
ps ax | grep geth
and kill it with kill
kill -HUP <pid>
-HUP is the sighup signal, is optional but is more gentle than the normal TERM signal.
There are a couple of "reference implementations" that the Ethereum foundation is supporting.
Ethereum C++ (known as Eth or "TurboEthereum")
Go Ethereum (known for the command line client Geth)
There are a couple of reasons for doing this.
Finding consensus problems.
Bitcoin was created in an isolated environment, because of this ...
You can try Nethereum, it's available on Github.
It is currently in alpha stage, and provides an RPC client API similar to Web3. Including:
JSON RPC methods
Function call / transaction sending (encoding / decoding parameters)
Event filtering creation (encoding of parameters / decoding of topics)
Linux / OSX support as it is developed ...
There is state trie pruning in the works, which would be able to constantly delete old data that is not needed any more. Hand in hand with pruning is the fast sync, which sync to the network in such a way that it doesn't generate all the intermediate junk, but rather downloads the latest state from the get go.
Pruning is aimed to be included in Geth 1.5. ...
Ahm, you're looking at the stable branch, that's being frozen for Homestead. Check out the develop branch, we're pushing in commits almost every day.
Edit: Further, the Go team switched over to a much stricter development methodology to prevent any major issues from getting into the main codebase:
Every pull request needs review by at least two team ...
The Morden testnet is the public Frontier testnet, meaning there are other miners, and other people will be able to see your contracts. It is important to note that you should not use the same accounts on the testnet as you do on the live network, or you will be at risk of replay attacks.
The --dev flag creates a private testnet, accessible only to you. It ...
Using e.g. the web3 JS API, you could setup a filter and watch block changes:
var filter = web3.eth.filter('latest');
var block = web3.eth.getBlock(result, true);
console.log('current block #' + block.number);
When running in console
Geth can be stopped by sending it a keyboard interrupt with Ctrl + c. You should see output similar to the following.
I0127 09:46:49.971487 62813 blockchain.go:1230] imported 1 block(s) (0 queued 0 ignored) including 0 txs in 2.836192ms. #913170 [2eb50f50 / 2eb50f50]
I0127 09:46:54.258683 62813 cmd.go:123] Got interrupt, ...
I think the most important phrase in your question is 'what is the likelihood'.
The other answers are correct in determining that there is a 1 in 2^160 likelihood of finding a collision with 100% probability.
Due to the birthday paradox, cryptographers give a hash function with output bitlength 160 a bitwise security rating of 80. This is because with 2^80 ...
The light client (LES) is currently only being developed in the Go Ethereum codebase and is currently rounding off the first of two phases.
The first phase consists of the following high level components:
[•] Validating header
[•] Validating state information
[•] Querying state information (accounts, code, nonces, etc.)
[•] Validating receipts
[ ] Sending ...
The node-blockchain-server aims to provide a full Ethereum node ...
Ethereum hasn't yet released features which would provide something like SPV. Instead of SPV it will be called Light Client and the protocol for this being developed is called "LES".
More information on the ethereum github wiki.
Creating a local in-memory blockchain (Ganache) with Brownie is recommended way for development.
Besides Browser Solidity (as @Rob Hitchens recommended), you could also develop smart contracts using Brownie. You could implement your smart contracts and test it on its local blockchain, where each transaction will be deploy right away and increment the block ...
Geth has a freezer as of v1.9 https://blog.ethereum.org/2019/07/10/geth-v1-9-0/
Wouldn’t it be amazing if we didn’t have to waste so much precious
space on our expensive and sensitive SSDs to run an Ethereum node, and
could rather move at least some of the data onto a cheap and durable
With the v1.9.0 release, Geth separated its database into ...
For Geth you can connect to the public testnet (Morden) via:
For other clients and for a full explanation plese refer to this wiki page: Ethereum wiki / Morden
If you don't want to use the main public testnet you could use another public testnet, for that you have to specify at least these parameters:
geth --networkid=12345 --genesis ...
To get the pending transactions you need a node that you're running on your own because this type of action requires a lot of resources.
You can run your own Geth node and wait until it is synchronized. When I want to run a Geth node on the main net and query for the transaction pool, I usually start it like this.
Download the Geth binary and rename it as ...
While Péter Szilágyi's answer is in no way wrong, there's also an other possibility. If you redownload the blockchain with Parity instead of geth, the size of the blockchain is reduced from your 10 GB to a mere 1.5 GB!
Using Geth 1.5.3 and later, it's 2 steps:
Run geth --testnet removedb to delete your blockchain database for the Morden network.
Run geth --testnet
When you use geth init, the datadir should end with /testnet. For example: /Users/sam/Library/Ethereum/testnet
When you use other commands like geth console, the datadir should be the parent ...
Not yet. You are referring to DApps running on mobile devices, I think.
There are apps available which offer ethereum-related services like  but they certainly query some nodes via RPC which removes the decentralization aspect.
As of today, there are no light clients for mobile available yet. A mist for mobile has yet to be implemented.
No, different implementations are not inherently compatible with each other's data structures. Although clients may share some similarities either accidentally or intentionally, most non-consensus development was done in isolation.
Two major exceptions to this exist:
keys adhering to the Web3 Secret Storage Definition should be transportable between eth ...