Questions tagged [nonce]

A random number that is only used once. It is generated at the beginning of a communication by one communication partner and has to be sent back by the other one in order to prevent replay attacks.

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Simulating multiple transactions

I want to simulate sending multiple transactions at the same time to a smart contract and i'm wondering if, for example, sending 100 transactions from one address is the same as sending 1 transaction ...
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What happens with nonce if address have nonempty code and someone submits transaction from that address?

Ethereum Yellow Paper states: nonce: A scalar value equal to the number of transactions sent from this address or, in the case of accounts with associated code, the number of contract-...
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how can I retrieve the exact pending nonce from parity ethereum node?

please help me, the rpc method parity_pendingTransactions cannot return the result that I hope. https://github.com/paritytech/parity-ethereum/issues/11385
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What algorithm is used to generate nonce hash in genesis file?

When looking for information about the nonce property of the genesis file, everything says that it is a 64-bit string hash etc. But which algorithm is used to generate this hash ?
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Can consecutive transactions be mined on same block?

Can consecutive transactions of same EOA (Externally Owned Account) be mined at same block as below? TX1: nonce=0, Number_confrimed_Block=100 TX2: nonce=1, Number_confrimed_Block=100 TX3: nonce=2, ...
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the tx doesn't have the correct nonce. account has nonce of: 12 tx has nonce of: 3 - Ganache

I am trying to run my simple contract with different parameters (in the form of encoded signatures) and intends to put multiple transaction into ONE block. If I set Ganache GUI with automine option, ...
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How to check nonce include pending transactions?

I want to count nonce include pending transactions as following. Tx1 nonce=0 succeed Tx2 nonce=1 pending Tx3 nonce=2 pending Tx3 nonce=3 pending I am using api provided by etherscan, but it just ...
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Does nonce increase when the transaction fail?

DOes nonce increase when the transaction fail? TX1 nonce=0 succeed TX2 nonce=1 failed TX3 nonce=? What value of nonce will TX3 have? It will be appreciated if you explain the reason why.
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If a transaction ends up in an orphaned/forked block, what happens to subsequent transactions?

Suppose I sign and send several transactions using the following function: async function send(web3, account, transaction) { const options = { to : transaction._parent._address, ...
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Does a contract creation failure leave the target address with nonce 1?

When contracts are created, they start with nonce 1 not nonce 0. This is since the implementation of EIP-161. The ETH wiki page on nonces outlines what happens when a contract A tries to create a ...
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How to limit queued transactions in terms of waiting time and number?

I am trying to limit queued transactions in terms of waiting time (using --txpool.lifetime ) and in terms of number (using --txpool.globalqueue) but nothing works, I am using PoA with geth, I want to ...
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About transaction higher nonce than current nonce

I'm trying to build an Ethereum exchange service, so concurrent schedule is needed and nonce management is the most problem (another topic discussed about it). At specificed moment, I have large ...
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Giving a big nonce in transaction doesn't return anything?

When we put a low nonce in transaction options we got "nonce too low", but when a put a big nonce (bigger then transaction count) we got anything why ?
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After a suicide operation, is contract’s nonce reset to 0?

Simple question, but I couldn’t find the answer in the yellow paper. Is it reset to 0 or is it kept at the latest value before destruction ?
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Is it possible to partially signed tx without nonce and then a third-party proxy will fill the right nonce?

As part of building managing nonce mechanism, we thinking about several approaches for issue tx from frontEnd without the need to wait till it mined before sending the next tx. Is it possible to ...
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Sending multipe ETH transactions through an API?

Is there any Ether wallet management software or some kind of API service other than BitGo that I can use to send queued Ethereum transactions, rebroadcast them automatically if they are out of gas, ...
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1answer
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Will nonce increase even when the transaction fail?

Will nonce increase even when the transaction fail? For example, nonce=0 -> tx succeed nonce=1 -> tx succeed nonce=2 -> tx fail Then I want to send a new raw transaction, should I assign ...
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What is the difference between account nonce and block nonce?

Block and accounts both use a value called "nonce" but they seem to represent something very different. For account I understand that the nonce is an integer quantity indicating the number of ...
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How to process null TransactionReceipt?

I have some transaction that is sent and from time to time when I call the eth_getTransactionReceipt I get a null. I see esentially two approaches for handling this: I could reiterate the call to ...
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getTransactionCount return different response

geth version 1.8.27 The pending nonce is 8 at first, then I send a transaction and use eth.getTransactionCount to get the next pending nonce. > eth.getTransactionCount("...
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How to manage nonce in a faucet

I have a faucet contract with an onlyOwner function to transfer Ether to an account. I also have a public API which users can call with their public key: the API then users the owner's keypair to send ...
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In bitcoin it's bad to reuse addresses (less security, as public key has already been revealed), how about ethereum? [duplicate]

In bitcoin it's bad to reuse addresses (less security, as public key has already been revealed), how about ethereum? Is the public key revealed when the first transaction (first nonce) is used?
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Will miners meet the situation that they can not find the nonce?

Because the Nonce is uint64 in the Golang code. the code is here: // Compute the PoW value of this nonce digest, result := hashimotoFull(dataset.dataset, hash, nonce) if new(big....
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how does DAG affect the NONCE finding?what about fix the DAG size to 1G?

I'm going to decrease DAG size on private net, by change the algorithm.go code var datasetSizes = [maxEpoch]uint64{ 1073739904, 1082130304, 1090514816, 1098906752, 1107293056, 1115684224, ...
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How to verify access of child contracts?

I am using a factory A to produce child contracts. Now I want to guarantee that only these child contracts have access to a different contract B. Using the factory as a proxy is somehow a detour as I ...
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is account nonce network dependent?

In Ethereum, does Account nonce depend on network? I mean for same address on different network, will there be different nonce?
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How to calculate the value of mixhash in block header?

As of my knowledge how POW works is When mining the miner will have the hash1 which is block hash and he need to fine the hash2 which is hash of nonce (a random number). So that the root hash of ...
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How to skip transactional nonce for private ethereum chain

We are using a private ehtereum chain on geth. It is mainly for the purpose of storing the values as part of transactions and distribute across our private network. However when we are sending ...
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How to rewrite my transfer transaction?

So I've made a simple tx to transfer. And it has been broadcasted. But I did not calculate the gas price properly so the tx is in still pending status. That seems takes long time. What if I make ...
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What is the beginning nonce on the Rinkeby Testnet?

I know that the nonce is representative of how many transfers an account has made and is 0 at the start on the mainnet. However, on testnets, such as the now decommissioned Morden where it was 2^20 I ...
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Handle nonce after RPC timeout

From time to time, I will be making some 5 ~ 10 tx/s on Ethereum via RPC interface. I have to handle the nonce manually because it cannot update fast enough. But I am facing issue below: From time ...
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web3.py locally signed transaction rejected because of invalid nonce

I'm trying to sign locally a transaction to a smart contract method using web3.py. I'm using ganache and there is one interesting issue when I send a transaction as the contract deployer everything ...
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What does mining software do when two tx are sent in one block with incremented nonces, but the second tx relies on the completion of the first?

If I call approve and transferFrom on an ERC20 token in two transactions, with the nonces being 1 and 2, respectively, how do the miners know which to accept first? Do the miners choose the ordering ...
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Is a transaction valid if it was signed weeks in the past?

I'd like to add scheduled transactions functionality to my chrome extension, but I don't want to ask the user for password input every time a scheduled tx is sent. My idea is to create and sign ...
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account nonce - what if it did not exist? [duplicate]

I can't understand how account nonce actually avoids double spending. Every answer about this on the internet follow the pattern "If you only have 50 Eth and try to send 50 to A and 50 to B with ...
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Why store account nonce on chain instead of using timestamp to prevent replay attacks?

Why store account nonce on chain instead of using timestamp to prevent replay attacks, or any other random bit of information that will change thr hash and differentiate the transaction? As far as I ...
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Is there a service to guarantee that transactions are successful?

I have a node which I use to send transactions to the network. Those transactions are really important. They must go through at all cost. If I simply send the transactions, there is a chance that one ...
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1answer
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Can anyone tell what might had gone wrong with the transaction below?

May I know what does this transaction mean? I am running this inside my private node. Running the same transaction repeatedly none stop. Sending on average 10 transactions / sec. So I had to keep ...
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A doubt about forks and mining

Suppose I'm mining a block, and I still don't find the nonce. Suddenly I receive the mined block from another node. But when I try to validate it, I find it's not right. So I discard it. What happens ...
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Usage of web3 provider in multiple processes

I have web application and background queue that executes long lasting tasks. Both of them using truffle-privatekey-provider with same private key to sign/send transactions. Now I ma experiencing ...
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Deploy to mainnet with Truffle + Infura: nonce too low [duplicate]

I'm trying to deploy a very simply ERC20 token contract using Truffle and Infura and getting this: Running migration: 1_initial_migration.js Deploying Migrations... ... ...
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Transaction done, but nonce does not update and call to a function returns zero

I've used web3py to deploy a contract and send some transactions to it. I calculate the nonce this way: nonce = web3.eth.getTransactionCount(account, "pending") When I deploy the contract, ...
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Account nonce limit/maximum

I've been reading about an account's nonce, that it's supposed to be an incremental number that increments with every transaction. I found about transactions pool and queue, about what happen if you ...
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Transaction Pending and Dropped

I have a transaction pending from 4 days. I have tried to unlock following this answer: MyEtherWallet is pending and dropping. It looks like it is stuck in a loop for 2 days? Now the current nonce is ...
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Account nonce — Incremental, i.e., Deterministic or Arbitrary

In cryptography, a nonce is an arbitrary number that can be used just once. But in Ethereum, the account nonce is deterministic. Deterministic vs Arbitrary -- How can both be true at the same time?
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What does a position means in an ethereum Tx?

There are 2 fields in the following Ethereum Tx, named nonce & {position}. What does position mean?
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Nonce in Layer 2 State Channels

In Layer 2 Solution of Ethereum (State Channels), what I don't get is what about nonces? If we signed a state channel Tx with 13 nonce and don't put it on the chain for now, then if I make another Tx ...
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How to properly set nonce in a web3 contract invocation?

I have this code, which works: MyToken.airdrop(wallets,amounts,{ gas: 1267051, gasPrice: 2000000000, },function(err,tx){ console.log('err is %s',err) console.log('tx is %s',tx) callback(err,...
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How does metamask manage the multiple transaction with same address?

I'm struggling to implement the functionality which sends multiple transactions using the same address. here the from address is same but the to addresses are different. When I did research on this, I ...
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What happens when two nodes have conflicting transaction nonce?

Let's say I have two geth nodes which run on two distant networks with slow connections between them, and I use the same newly created address (private key) to send two different transactions with the ...