I am learning solidity by transcribing code from "Practical Smart Contract Development with Solid and Etherium"(OREILLY).

I am studying hard but struggling along the way.

It is to be tested to see if an error occurs when a non-owner is called.

Can anyone give me some advice?

The error is as follows

Contract: Fundraiser setBeneficiary throws and error when called from a non-owner account: AssertionError: should not be permitted: expected undefined to equal 'Ownable:caller is >not the owner' at Context. (test/fundraiser_test.js:71:16)

test code(trst/fundraiser_test.js).

The last of the following is the relevant code.

const FundraiserContract = artifacts.require("Fundraiser");

contract("Fundraiser", accounts => {
let fundraiser;
const name =  "Beneficiary Name";
const url = "[beneficiaryname.org](http://beneficiaryname.org/)";
const imageURL = "[https://placekitten.com/600/350] 
const description = "Beneficiary description";
const beneficiary = accounts[1];
const owner = accounts[0];

beforeEach(async () => {
fundraiser = await FundraiserContract.new(

describe("initialization", () => {
it("gets the beneficiary name", async () => {
const actual = await [fundraiser.name](http://fundraiser.name/)();
assert.equal(actual, name, "names should match");

it("gets the beneficiary url", async () => {
const actual = await fundraiser.url();
assert.equal(actual, url, "url should match");

it("gets the beneficiary image url", async () => {
const actual = await fundraiser.imageURL();
assert.equal(actual, imageURL, "imageURL should match");

it("gets the beneficiary description", async () => {
const actual = await fundraiser.description();
assert.equal(actual, description, "description should match");

it("gets the beneficiary", async () => {
const actual = await fundraiser.beneficiary();
assert.equal(actual, beneficiary, "beneficiary addresses should match");

it("gets the owner", async () => {
const actual = await fundraiser.owner();
assert.equal(actual, owner, "bios should match");


 describe("setBeneficiary", () => {
 const newBeneficiary = accounts[2];

it("updated beneficiary when called by owner account", async () => {
await fundraiser.setBeneficiary(newBeneficiary, {from: owner});
const actualBeneficiary = await fundraiser.beneficiary();
assert.equal(actualBeneficiary, newBeneficiary, "beneficiaries should match");

//Error-Related Codes

it("throws and error when called from a non-owner account", async () => {
try {
await fundraiser.setBeneficiary(newBeneficiary, {from: accounts[3]});
assert.fail("withdraw was not restricted to owners")
} catch(err) {
const expectedError = "Ownable:caller is not the owner";
const actualError = err.reason;
assert.equal(actualError, expectedError, "should not be permitted")



// SPDX-License-Identifier: MIT

pragma solidity ^0.8.0;
import "@openzeppelin/contracts/access/Ownable.sol";

contract Fundraiser is Ownable {

string public name;
string public url;
string public imageURL;
string public description;
address payable public beneficiary;

string memory _name,
string memory _url,
string memory _imageURL,
string memory _description,
address payable _beneficiary,
address _custodian
name = _name;
url = _url;
imageURL = _imageURL;
description = _description;
beneficiary = _beneficiary;

function setBeneficiary(address payable _beneficiary) public onlyOwner {
beneficiary = _beneficiary;

All codes can be found here.


1 Answer 1


try truffle-assertions

install it: npm install truffle-assertions

require it in your test file:

const truffleAssert = require('truffle-assertions');

and then use it in your test on the following way

await truffleAssert.fails(
  "Ownable: caller is not the owner"

in tour case should be something like this:

  it("throws and error when called from a non-owner account", async () => {
    await truffleAssert.fails(
      fundraiser.setBeneficiary(newBeneficiary, { from: accounts[3]}),
        "Ownable: caller is not the owner"
  • I pasted your code in place of the code in this book and the truffle test passed.Thank you😊 I didnt know truffle-asserions.I would like to study it from now on. If you don't mind my asking for your reference, could you tell me what was wrong with the book code? Personally, 'err.reason',which I could not find on the internet,bother me. const actualError = err.reason;
    – kintoki
    Oct 12, 2022 at 5:34

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