Questions tagged [validators]

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What is the Probability of being chosen in Proof of Stake?

I'm trying to solidify my understanding of Proof-Of-Stake consensus, and one thing I've been left wondering is how to figure the probability of being chosen to be a validator. Are the chances of being ...
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What is the maximum number of validators in Ethereum?

I'm wondering how many validators can be maxed out in Ethereum 2.0 Proof of Stake algorithm?
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Validator selection

When validating a block, do validators know who the other validators are, prior to voting? Does the proposer know the other validators prior to proposing a block? If so, that could lead to collusion ...
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How long does it take to validate transactions?

It seems to be a common sense that validation process on the blockchain is very fast. I wonder how fast the process could be? How long does it usually take to validate a transaction? What will be done ...
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Geth node sync: best metrics to track progress of state trie download?

First time setting up a full node with Geth and was hoping someone could help me better track progress. Have been running for about 8 days and I believe geth is currently doing the "state sync&...
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Even if I own 51% of stake (or have 51% computational power) and try to cheat, can't others still see that my block is invalid?

I'm thinking about how proof of stake works exactly. As I understand, here is how it is secure: I cannot forge a tx where random A pays me X amount because I would need the private keys of A. ...
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262 views

If I send a transaction with a low gas fees and then send another one with high gas fee elsewhere?

Let's say, I send a transaction, all of my Ether, with low gas fees and it'll take hours for it to complete. Right away I send another one, from the same wallet or address, also all of my Ether, to ...
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What unit of time is used to calculate downtime penalties for Validators?

Is the penalty a function of the number of blocks you missed or is it calculated in some time unit like seconds?
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Proof of Stake leader-election [duplicate]

So I understand Proof-of-work high level, where nodes work to solve a "puzzle". And once they've created a valid block they then broadcast it to the network. So that node receives the reward ...
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Ethereum 2.0 - how to avoid being penalised when moving to a new location - is it possible to move the validator to the cloud?

Of course, I can test on testnet and try for myself but maybe you'll know. In the spirit of decentralisation, I would like to run my full node. But things change, I may want to travel (change location)...
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Algorithm to check if my ethereum account has successfully deposited to eth2 validators deposit contract

The eth2 phase 0 validators deposit contract implements a sparse merkle tree. Which algorithm can check if there is a successful deposit from my account? (Pseudo code)
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702 views

After 48 hours, my validator request is still “Pending” (Deposited)

I'm playing around with Ethereum 2.0 Proof of stake for my upcoming guide Come fare staking con Ethereum 2.0 (italian only, sorry). I setup Go Ethereum and Nimbus, generated the required keys via eth2....
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Why does PoS use a target Hash with validation?

As I understand, there is 2 methods on choosing the next node for block validation in PoS namely: 1. coin age and 2. randomized node selection based on stake value and hash value. In PoW the protocol ...
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1answer
59 views

Does Ethereum 2.0 still have use cases for oracles, why?

It seems to me Ethereum 2.0 would only require that one node creates blocks at a time, does that make unnecessary oracles.
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30 views

Avoid Attester Slashing - Etherum2.0

According to specs, for attester slashing i need to compare the epoch with previous epoch my question is- is it enough to check that the current epoch with the last one i saved using ...
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Avoid Proposer Slashing - Etherum2.0

According to specs, for proposer slashing i need to compare the slot with previous block.slot my question is- is it enough to check that the current block slot is greater than the last block slot i ...
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How safe to run Lighthouse without --auto-register vs. the effects of registering more than once?

Running a Lighthouse validator presents a message to strongly consider running --auto-register the first time. The documentation also states: The --auto-register flag registers your signing key ...
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1answer
132 views

How does eth2 Random Election Work?

In eth2 validators will be randomly selected. What is the formula for how this random selection works?
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How will one stake Ether?

Once Ethereum makes the switch to proof of stake how will one choose to stake Ether? Will they have to use a special program or will Ether not in use be considered staked and be used to gain more ...