Questions tagged [scalability]

all questions about scaling the ethereum ecosystem

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1answer
119 views

Question about sharding

I'm reading the white paper, more specific about scaling. I'm stuck on the second strategy. Second and more importantly, however, we will include an intermediate state tree root in the ...
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1answer
37 views

Ethereum Contract Scalability (Single vs Multiple Contracts)

I am writing a token swap contract on Ethereum Blockchain to manage ERC 20 token swap in an exchange. The Questions is that in terms of scalability, which of the following two options would be better ...
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2answers
46 views

Is there any way to scale geth (or any client) API Layer to query a single node?

as title suggest, what I'm trying to do is to have multiple "app" that expose Json RPC endpoints, like get_balance, get_block / eth_getBlockByNumber / eth_getBlockByHash, so I need to read a full node,...
3
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0answers
36 views

What is the scalability limit for POA Ethereum (number of nodes)?

Tried to find any benchmarks what is the maximum number of nodes for Ethereum PoA network. When does a network latency become crucial? Looking for any sources / empirical benchmarks.
6
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5answers
3k views

Where is blockchain scalability bottleneck?

There is a moment I still don't understand about blockchain. I've never seen ethereum client coniniously under 100% CPU or network load. So why isn't it possible to process transactions faster? I ...
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0answers
14 views

What repo in loom do I fork to create my own sidechain?

I am trying to create a sidechain. I believe I need the code for the node that supports the sidechain. How many repos will I need to collect to properly start my own sidechain? Ideally a proof of ...
1
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1answer
32 views

Benefits of Zero Knowledge Proofs [closed]

I have been watching these videos: 'Kent Barton & Alex Gluchowski ~ Scaling With Zero Knowledge' https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=1&v=aEqhjpjoaEA Scalable blockchains as data ...
1
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2answers
67 views

What does off-chain mean

I read about zkSnarks and it says that it will increase the stability by 30x by conducting the verification off-chain. What does off-chain mean here? Nodes will still have to use their computation ...
2
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1answer
37 views

Is Raiden viable for one way micro payments?

As an example if we wanted to increase participation on the Ethereum stackexchange, we could set up a contract to make micro payments out to stack members based on reputation/badges. This would only ...
1
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1answer
29 views

What is the philosophy behind the difficulty setting and block generating time?

We know that on the Ethereum mainnet, generating a block always costs about 15 seconds in order to maintain the synchronization. Yet, why it is set to 15 seconds but not a larger or smaller value? ...
1
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1answer
53 views

How would zkSNARKs reduce computation on Ethereum mainnet?

cmiiw, zkSNARKs mean that computations can be verified by a single node and therefore not executed by every node on the network-- link, and work is being done to include this feature in the mainnet. ...
4
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1answer
640 views

How does Ethereum plan to handle thousands of transaction per second?

The one issue I've been thinking about Blockchain is scalability. I see that the execution time of API calls (transactions) is slower than with legacy applications. So in the coming years, if ...
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0answers
29 views

What are the drawbacks of layer 2?

The scalability trilemma states that a blockchain can only have two out the following three properties: decentralization, scalability, and security. Layer 2 protocols aim to make Ethereum more ...
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2answers
264 views

What would be potential problems with building “private” Ethereum network on AWS?

Suppose I have two EC2 instances on AWS that are running geth nodes. They have the same genesis block and are in synchronization because peering is setup with open port 30303 (by default is for ...
0
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2answers
111 views

How to choose between Ethereum, EOS, and TRON if I want to build a dapp? [closed]

In 2018, Ethereum dapps has $2.6 Billion worth transaction volume in 2018; EOS has $3.45B; TRON has $600M. However, number of transactions on Ethereum is way less than EOS and TRON. Ethereum has a ...
1
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1answer
19 views

Why wouldn't changing Difficulty variable help out in scaling?

I'm writing a thesis about smart contracts and one of my appraisers asked me to explain why changing the difficulty variable on the ethereum blockchain wouldn't help scaling. I know ethereum is ...
10
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3answers
1k views

Can ZKSnarks be implemented on the Ethereum ecosystem?

Since Zcash seems to have it's ZKSnarks implementation finished (or almost at least). And versions of JPMorgan's Quorum had appeared with ZKsnarks implementations included see: https://www.coindesk....
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0answers
63 views

The blockchain trilemma

I understand that the generic blockchain faces a problem where it can choose to optimize between scalability, security and decentralization. I can see easily why scalability and decentralization are ...
10
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4answers
3k views

What are the scalability benefits of PoS vs PoW?

This accepted answer claims that one advantage of PoS vs PoW is that some scalability problems can be addressed more easily with PoS What are those scalability problems? What are the scalability ...
2
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1answer
50 views

Clarification about some scalability terminology

I am currently reading about the scalability of Ethereum but I cannot really understand the difference between some terms that occur often. What is the relation between the terms: Layer 1 Layer 2 on-...
13
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3answers
6k views

What is BigchainDB and how can it be used with Ethereum?

BigchainDB says: It is complementary to decentralized processing platforms like Ethereum. In the Blockchain Stack it suggests that the Ethereum "decentralized processing" is above the File ...
7
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2answers
771 views

What are differences between Ethereum and EOS?

EOS (is currently under development) is an open source smart contract platform like Ethereum. => What are the main differences between Ethereum and EOS such as: How EOS is different than Ethereum ...
15
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1answer
4k views

What does it mean to “run code on the blockchain”? Wouldn't blockchain become huge?

More technically speaking, what does it mean to "run code on the blockchain"? Does it mean that we store the source code and then every full node runs that source code several times? If, for ...
0
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1answer
85 views

Privacy-preserving smart contracts: examples, tutorial, best practices?

I want to make a proof-of-concept about privacy-preserving smart contracts. I know it's uneconomical to use encryption with Ethereum smart contracts. Are there best practices about how to do that? ...
3
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1answer
105 views

“Centralized Relational Databases” vs. “Decentralized Blockchain ” : Which one is really more scalable? [closed]

There are many research papers on problem of scalability of blockchains: Just as an example : An Overview of Blockchain Technology: Architecture, Consensus, and Future Trends However, (usually by ...
2
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3answers
63 views

Given the current trend of Ethereum Network growth, is smart contract practical for long term usage/storage?

My question is actually three parts, (yes I know about the upcoming sharding development in progress): It's free to access Ethereum Network data (we don't normally need the rest of the blockchain but ...
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0answers
45 views

Can a blockchain such as Ethereum grow “physically” too big? [closed]

If a blockchain can be downloaded and verified by any node, wouldn't it get too big in storage size eventually? Ethereum only carries bytecode for smart contracts as additional information (please ...
1
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1answer
44 views

How does Raiden Network prevent the attack that uses stale state?

In Lightning Network, It uses timelock to prevent attack that places stale state onto the blockchain for single channel. (Not for payment routing, only for single payment channel between two nodes) ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Difference between Sharding and Plasma

What are the differences between Ethereum Sharding Proposal and Plasma? I know plasma can run on top of sharding, but what are the differences innterms of paradigm and technology?
0
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1answer
202 views

“state channel” v.s “micro-payment channel” : are they the same?

We use "micro-payment channels" such as "Bitcoin Lightning Network" or "Duplex Micro-Payment Channels" for saving transaction fee, accelerating payments, supporting better micro-payment and scaling ...
1
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0answers
274 views

Calculate Private Proof-of-Authority TPS [duplicate]

With a private Ethereum Proof-of-Authority network set up containing 3 sealer nodes, what can we do to estimate the TPS (Transactions per second) of the POA network?
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0answers
320 views

Best Method to Increase TPS on PoA Blockchain

In creating a PoA blockchain where a high TPS is needed, how will you define the genesis.json configuration? There will be sealer nodes on opposite ends of the globe with ~ 0.1-0.2 second latency. ...
11
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2answers
814 views

What are zkSNARKs? How do they work?

From my brief exposure to the concept, zkSNARKs seems to be a form of zero-knowledge cryptography. What can zkSNARKs bring to the table for Ethereum? I have looked at projects like this but still ...
1
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2answers
526 views

ERC721 Scalability

I've just implemented several SCs in order to accomplish the ERC721 functionality but I'm facing a critical issue related to the scalability when I want to create a great number of tokens. I'm storing ...
14
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2answers
2k views

Why isn't there more concern of Ethereum reaching 1TB? Should we be worried?

I've read previous answers such as that posted by user: eth that highlights some of the EIPs such as 103: Serenity and 105: Sharding. These are more long term solutions but this is an emergent problem ...
3
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0answers
281 views

BigChaindb + Ethereum

In BigChaindb paper, it's mentioned that it's compatible with Ethereum and is complementary to Ethereum. But BigChaindb has has its own consensus. Question 1: How can BigChaindb work with Ethereum (...
14
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1answer
7k views

How many transactions per second can Ethereum currently handle? What changes will allow the network to be able to handle more? [duplicate]

I've been searching for a more precise answer to this question, but I've seen a lot of conflicting information stating that Ethereum can currently handle anywhere from 12-45 transactions per second. ...
7
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2answers
920 views

Proof of Stake - Is it risky to stake?

What if a client malfunctions due to the corruption of data isn't it risky to stake? With PoW this is no issue but with PoS this seems to be a real issue with the slasher protocol. I would be worried ...
3
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2answers
93 views

Wouldn't a 64bit-based EVM be more efficient on the Ethereum Ecosystem?

As the Ethereum Rationale design says: 32 byte word size - the alternative is 4 or 8 byte words, as in most other architectures, or unlimited, as in Bitcoin. 4 or 8 byte words are too restrictive ...
20
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2answers
4k views

How does Ethereum deal with blockchain scalability?

The Bitcoin community are currently trying to solve the problems of blockchain scalability. Some are advocating an increase in block size, others are talking about things like Segregated Witness. Lots ...
2
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2answers
285 views

Could blockchain be distributed over torrent (DHT)?

I look at the scaleability discussion where one of the problems is the blockchain grows in size too much so that specialized storage systems will be needed which will lead towards centralization. I ...
3
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2answers
350 views

How will sharding differ from federated sidechains?

I suppose sharding will be implemented in the future, and there will be many mini-islands that hold only parts of the blockchain. Does it mean that local nodes will mostly support local TX? If I live ...
0
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1answer
204 views

How fast and scalable is a Dapp build on ethereum?

I am a beginner to Dapps on ethereum and smart contracts but I wanted to ask three questions on building on top of ethereum. Firstly, how fast would an Dapp with a token will the transactions per ...
2
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2answers
418 views

Why can't a blockchain process more transactions then a single node can?

I'm reading about the on-chain scalability solutions. At the moment I'm looking at sharding. Currently, in all blockchain protocols each node stores all states (account balances, contract code ...
1
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2answers
108 views

ETH blockchain reading scalability

Quick premise, I'm super new to blockchain and Solidity. I've tried to figure out scalability implication of reading data from the blockchain. I understand that reading operations are free, but how ...
2
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1answer
194 views

Ethereum and intermediate state tree root

I'm reading about scaling in the whitepaper In the near term, Ethereum will use two additional strategies to cope with this problem. First, because of the blockchain-based mining algorithms, at ...
1
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1answer
31 views

How can running transactions on all nodes possibly scale?

Ethereum runs atop a peer-to-peer network. All nodes rerun all transactions for all time every time a new block is added to the blockchain. How can this possibly scale? For anything but the most ...
0
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2answers
175 views

Scaling ethereum [closed]

I have been looking up scaling issues associated with Ethereum. I have not found any resources that give an easy to understand definition of the problem. I am aware that there are efforts like Raiden, ...
1
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0answers
71 views

Sharding vs nested chains [duplicate]

I'm having trouble understanding the difference between nested chains (Plasma) and sharding. As I understand it now, Plasma creates a nested chain, periodically transmitting root hash state of the ...
2
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0answers
90 views

Interfaces and gas savings

Does it save gas to link to the bytecode of an interface? I tested this is solidity remix and using the interface to link bytecode instead of the full contract, didn't seem to reduce any gas costs for ...