Questions tagged [proof-of-stake]

proof-of-stake is a method by which a blockchain network aims to achieve distributed consensus by asking users to prove ownership of a certain amount of an asset.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Questions about PoS and PoET consensus protocols

Hi I have a few questions about how exactly PoS and PoET consensus protocols work. Would really appreciate if you could ELI5 In PoS how does the selection of the validator actually work? Is there a ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Is the current Casper proof-of-stake (PoS) protocol still resistant to cartel censorship and favouring availability over consistency?

In The History of Casper — Chapter 5, Vlad Zamfir describes Casper: The friendly ghost (CFG) in the following way: "It was the shape of a protocol that had these properties: One validator would ...
0
votes
0answers
250 views

Proof of History for Ethereum 2.0

After reading about the Solana-chain, I became convinced that "Proof of History" is a great idea for syncing a decentralized clock and improving scalability. Be aware that Solana is still a ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

Initialize a blockchain based on PoS

How a blockchain based on PoS could be initialized if nobody has the coins to become a Validator?
2
votes
2answers
40 views

Staking when you have 0 ETH

I was wondering how could you become a validator (and get ETH reward) if it is required to have 32 ETH? Is it supposed that you bought 32ETH already? Or will there be another way to get ETH? Couldn't ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

What controls the inter-block interval in proof-of-stake?

In proof-of-work, the interval between 2 blocks is controlled by the mining difficulty: in Bitcoin, at all times, it must take roughly 10 minutes to mine a block, so every two weeks we adjust the ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Block Reward in Proof of Stake Concept

I am doing some research on the PoS concept and it seems like validators in a PoS network are getting rewarded by receiving the tx fees of the blocks they are validating. However, most resources state ...
4
votes
0answers
21 views

How do proof of stake nodes know which chain is real?

In proof of work, when a fork occurs in the blockchain, nodes trust the fork that has the most computational work put into it. How do proof of stake nodes know what chain to trust?
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Environment setup

I'm trying to configure Remix IDE on Ubuntu, pulled from https://github.com/ethereum/remix-project However every time a node file throws some error and it halts the installation. Meanwhile I'm trying ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Does a Proof of Authority network consume much less energy than a PoW/PoS one?

One of the main problems of PoW networks like Bitcoin or Ethereum is its energy consumption. Question 1: does this get solved with PoA networks?(without taking in account that these are not really ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Binance Smart chain - private network implementation - guideline required

I am trying to understand the way Binance proof of stake authority(PoSA) works by implementing a private local blockchain. Therefore, I tried their official documentation but it seems like they simply ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What will happen to my ETH share when POS goes live?

I have been seeing that ETH will be moving to a PoS validation framework. These validators will be paid in ETH. It seems to me that this means if I do not stake, my ETH portion will be continuously ...
0
votes
0answers
183 views

Eth 2.0 node software on Apple Silicon (M1 Mac Mini)

Is there any support for Apple Silicon (M1 Mac Mini) for running a Eth 2.0 beacon chain validator? None of Lighthouse, Nimbus, Teku or Prysm seems to have M1 support? Geth has M1 support, but seems to ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

What is the Probability of being chosen in Proof of Stake?

I'm trying to solidify my understanding of Proof-Of-Stake consensus, and one thing I've been left wondering is how to figure the probability of being chosen to be a validator. Are the chances of being ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

How much ETH will be minted per block (or epoch) after the docking/merge?

I don't know if this has been decided already, but I can't find it anywhere. Simply put I'm looking for the number of ETH created per block (or any other timeframe) once Ethereum is fully POS.
2
votes
1answer
495 views

What is the maximum number of validators in Ethereum?

I'm wondering how many validators can be maxed out in Ethereum 2.0 Proof of Stake algorithm?
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What if the chosen validator down

What if the chosen validator does not create a block. How works consensus mechanism in this scenario over proof of stake
0
votes
0answers
7 views

How critical is timing to the Proof of Stake system?

I’m imagining that in the future it may be profitable for attackers to try to undermine consensus using novel means that are yet unanticipated. So I would like to contribute to speculation on possible ...
0
votes
1answer
223 views

Why are PoS (e.g. BSC) transactions costly?

How much may cost PoS transactions in such networks as future Ethereum mainnet or already existing BSC? Why do BSC transfers cost $0.05? Why doesn't gas cost about the cost of electricity used for the ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

How can tether issue new coins on the Ethereum and tron chain?

I am trying to create a decentralized version of a money transfer service and I want to build it on the tron network. The problem I am facing is that I need each token to start selling for a certain ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Migrating ETH 2.0 staking stack from one machine to another on the go

I was reading through the eth docs but could not see any info about following: What can be the possible problems of migrating my ETH2.0 staking stack infrastructure from one machine to another. I ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Is it Possible To Avoid Yield Farms That Use Leverage?

Are there any Yield Farms (YFs) that do not use leverage or is leverage worked into virtually every YF strategy? I'm concerned with the use of borrowing behind the scenes of Yield Farms (YFs) in order ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

How Do Liquidity Pool Economics Work?

I'm looking at liquidity pools (LPs), and the economics don't make sense given the APYs. How is this possible, or are exchanges simply taking a loss to establish market dominance? Please tell me if/...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Even if I own 51% of stake (or have 51% computational power) and try to cheat, can't others still see that my block is invalid?

I'm thinking about how proof of stake works exactly. As I understand, here is how it is secure: I cannot forge a tx where random A pays me X amount because I would need the private keys of A. ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

How to build local ETH2.0 test net?

I'd like to build ETH2.0 blockchain on my computer. And I want to know how to become a validator using that. I read many documents but I can't get this way. (I think that Geth is for ETH1.0. Is this ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

How to stake ETH for Ethereum 2.0?

How can I stake ETH in Ethereum 2.0 network to earn staking rewards? How much ETH to I need? How much I can earn? How long do I need to wait to get my reward?
1
vote
0answers
7 views

What unit of time is used to calculate downtime penalties for Validators?

Is the penalty a function of the number of blocks you missed or is it calculated in some time unit like seconds?
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Ethereum2.0 Shard chains will be PoW or PoS

I'm sorry if this is a basic question. But will the new shard chains for Ethereum2.0 be PoW or PoS? I know the plan is for Eth1 mainnet to "dock" onto the beacon chain eventually and be its ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Casper Engine for Private Chains

Is there a version of the Casper Proof of Stake engine either CBC or FFG that is available for testing on a private network? If so is there a guide on how I would utilize it?
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the penalty of having ETH2 validator offline

i want to do participate in proof of stake. i have just read https://ethereum.org/en/eth2/staking/ . under "Risks" the site says Although you can earn rewards for doing work that benefits ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Proof of Stake leader-election [duplicate]

So I understand Proof-of-work high level, where nodes work to solve a "puzzle". And once they've created a valid block they then broadcast it to the network. So that node receives the reward ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

How validator re-join is prevented?

According to this article, once a validator performs a voluntary exit, he can not rejoin: If you’ve performed a voluntary exit, or been slashed, you won’t be able to rejoin. This means if you want to ...
0
votes
2answers
921 views

After 48 hours, my validator request is still "Pending" (Deposited)

I'm playing around with Ethereum 2.0 Proof of stake for my upcoming guide Come fare staking con Ethereum 2.0 (italian only, sorry). I setup Go Ethereum and Nimbus, generated the required keys via eth2....
10
votes
1answer
920 views

On Ethereum 2.0 PoS, how/when are new coins minted?

In Ethereum "1.0", new coins are minted as reward for the miners. I understand from multiple sources (eg: academy.binance.com) that this won't be the case with Ethereum 2.0: When a node ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Why does PoS use a target Hash with validation?

As I understand, there is 2 methods on choosing the next node for block validation in PoS namely: 1. coin age and 2. randomized node selection based on stake value and hash value. In PoW the protocol ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

how does casper help with finality?

My question is very simple... I've watched some videos and read articles, but couldn't figure this. It's said that on the internet If the block has been finalized, it can't be reverted/changed in ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Fork in Proof-of-Stake?

Regarding the fact that in Proof-of-Stake, a stakeholder will be elected randomly as the next author of the next block in each epoch (or each round or slot), logically, in each round (or slot) there ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

What is the criteria to resync chain using proof of stake?

In PoW, nodes always resync their own chain to the longest chain in the network in order to respect the work the miners have done. In PoS, as I understand in its simplest form, the miner with the ...
2
votes
2answers
294 views

How does proof of stake prevent past blocks from being changed?

I have a question about Proof of Stake. Are there any protections against a user just creating an entirely new chain, since there is no computational penalty for creating a really long chain, couldn't ...
3
votes
2answers
600 views

How are block proposers selected in Ethereum 2.0?

i'm doing some research about Ethereum 2.0 for university. I think i understand the way it works, but i have a perplexity about the proposer selection in a slot, especially after reading the codes ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Is Ethereum 2.0 (Sharding Ethereum) only PoS based? Or a combination of PoW + PoS?

Does Ethereum 2.0 (Sharded Ethereum) only use PoS (Proof-of-stake) for consensus mechanism ? Or Does it use a combination of PoW + PoS ?
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Where is the stake amount stored in Proof-of-Stake?

So in the PoS consensus algorithm, the nodes can lock their coins and the node with the highest coins has the highest probability of getting the chance for validating coins. I have two questions: 1) ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there a penalty for having a ETH 2.0 Staking node go down?

For some proof of stake blockchain systems, there is a penalty if the node goes down during staking. Will there be some sort of penalty if an ETH 2.0 staking node went down? And if there isn't how ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

What's the difference between a Slot and a Block?

I'm running a private beacon chain with the Lighthouse client with some local validators: Mar 23 10:35:08.281 INFO Block from local validator block_slot: 13009, block_root: 0x2bab…25a6, ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

How to adjust "time slots" in Ethereum 2.0 (Sharding + PoS)?

In Ethereum 2.0 (Sharding and PoS), blocks are produced at a regular schedule, say once every t seconds. What does this time slot depend on? The number of validators in the network who deposited ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Could smart contract use a fork block?

If generated two forked block A and B. Can the smart contract in block A access to transaction in block B? I know that PoS is consensus algorithm working by check all stake in block. The verifier ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

How to transition to PoS?

I'm trying to find the details of the coming PoW to PoS transition, but all I could find were generic explanations why it was so good. Can somebody point me to a resource or just explain in a few ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Is proof of stake vulnerable?

If there is a large drop in the US dollar value of ETH over a substantial period, one can assume that people will be deterred from staking ETH because they could lose money (USD) on the stake. Is ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

Do ERC20-type tokens make a 51% attack more profitable?

A successful 51% attack (PoW or PoS) would allow the attacker to double spend any token, not just ether, so the greatest possible payoff is equal to the value of all ERC20-type tokens plus all ether. ...
2
votes
1answer
387 views

Hidding IP address behind sentry nodes

I would like to know how to set up an Ethereum node behind sentries (proxy nodes). I know there are several ways to approach this issue as mentioned here. https://medium.com/@kidinamoto/tech-choices-...

1
2 3 4 5 6