Questions tagged [keccak]

keccak is a cryptographic family which is used in ethereum and nowerdays provides the standards for sha-3

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Why is this Javascript Ethash implementation returning a wrong hash result?

I'm trying to calculate the hash result for the "light" implementation of the Etash algorithm from ethereum/ethash/js but I can't seem to get the correct result. The expected result for ...
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1answer
14 views

What is the significance of the function keccak256(abi.encode(to, ids))

I have seen a Solidity smart contract made by Polkamon, which is used to store NFT hashes, so that users can create an NFT without minting it, so that they can save Gas fees if they don't like their ...
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24 views

When is hashing used when creating a smart contract?

I was going through the solidity docs and in a contract example given I have seen keccak256 used. // Perform checks to determine if transferring a token to the // `OwnedToken` contract should proceed ...
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1answer
55 views

Solidity's keccak256 hash doesn't match WEB3 keccak hash

TL;DR: I have a method in a contract to calculate a keccak256 hash, and I'm trying to replicate it in Web3, but the hashes don't match. My problem is very similar to the one in this question, but the ...
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0answers
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How to store in `address` two kinds of addresses at once?

I have a set of address values, each of them can contain a real Ethereum account (user account or contract) or a "virtual" address (an address pseudo-randomly generated by my contract, in ...
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36 views

eip-1967 address calculation

I have read EIP-1967 and i have study how work proxy contracts. There is something i do not understand in EIP-1967. Here is what i have understood: Logic contract's storage variables are stored in ...
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0answers
60 views

Constructing a Merkle tree of objects

I can keccak strings to construct the leaves of a Merkle tree, for example, ['a', 'b', 'c']. But what's the recommended approach to constructing objects instead of merely 'a'? Let's say: { address:...
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How can I generate hash of string received from function argument

I want to generate hash of string received through function argument. Sha256 require bytes in argument. How can I convert and then save hash in _hash variable. struct ORGANIZATION{ bytes32 hash; ...
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1answer
55 views

How do I Encrypt Transaction Input Data Encode ABI

I'm buying erc20 token how can I encrypt my transaction input data . I using Javascript WEB3.JS method Can you help me with this? like this when try on check etherscan. Warning: Unable to decode input ...
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1answer
259 views

How to sign and verify data with ethereumjs-utils?

In my contract I'm verifying if some data was correctly signed by the owner. It looks like this: require( owner() == ecrecover(keccak256(abi.encodePacked(this, aCustomId)), v, r, s), ...
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1answer
94 views

How to get the non-packed solidityKeccak hash in Python Web3

For Web3.solidityKeccak(['bool'], [True]) , Python Web3 yields: 0x5fe7f977e71dba2ea1a68e21057beebb9be2ac30c6410aa38d4f3fbe41dcffd2 This matches the output of keccak256(abi.encodePacked(true)) in ...
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87 views

How to implement owner check in Solidity

Is there any EIP that specifies how to implement function in contract, that let's you call any other function as contract owner, with provided signature? I don't want to reinvent wheel. For example: I ...
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592 views

What is the computing power of the Ethereum network in FLOPS?

The aproximate computing power of current Bitcoin network in terms of FLOPS (FP32) has been estimated at about ~80,000 exaFLOPS and being aware of the limits of the analogy because of the widespread ...
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99 views

How to call the super contract function where msg.sender should be same in solidity?

I am trying to call contract A.fun_A() via Contract C contract A{ function fun_A(address tenant, uint itemId){ //Here the msg.sender should be msg.sender in C require(msg.sender == ...
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1answer
98 views

How to get data location for string > 31 length

The documentation says: bytes and string are encoded identically. For byte arrays that store data which is 32 or more bytes long, the main slot stores length * 2 + 1 and the data is stored as usual ...
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28 views

Passing a hash value to function

I'm trying to authenticate users by comparing the hashes created by backend server and contract. Seems like "byte32" values cannot be coerced into strings. So, instead I'm converting it into ...
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1answer
354 views

How to Keccak 256 hash in front end JavaScript before passing it to my smart contract

I would like to build a simple JavaScript (JS) front end that checks if a field submitted is the pre-image of a keccak256 hash I already know in my smart contract. I currently use the following: ...
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1answer
130 views

Why is there a SHA256 pre-compiled contract when SHA256 is also an opcode?

The question is in the title :). Trying to understand why there is both an opcode and pre-compiled contract for SHA256. To execute the computation, would people canonically "CALL" into the pre-...
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1answer
114 views

keccak256 output is different on ruby vs javascript…?

Ruby ethereum libraries use: https://github.com/phusion/digest-sha3-ruby require 'digest/sha3' '0x' + Digest::SHA3.new(256).hexdigest('0x0') => "...
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1answer
50 views

Is it cheaper overall to store a keccak hash or to store a ripemd(keccak) hash?

As titled. I'm learning to build a DApp and I'm wondering if it's worth it to add the extra RIPEMD layer over keccak for a shorter hash to reduce storage costs.
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1answer
132 views

converting keccak from old version: pragma solidity 0.4.19; [duplicate]

I am trying to compile following code: pragma solidity 0.5.9; contract test{ //https://github.com/ethereum/solidity/issues/3469 address payable owner; mapping (address => bool) pd; uint public sS;...
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1answer
240 views

Running Solidity's keccak256 in python

I want to run Soliditykeccak256(abi.encodePacked(challenge_number, msg.sender, nonce)) where nonce is uint256, challenge_digest is bytes32, challenge_number bytes32, testTarget is uint. What's the ...
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137 views

Solidity keccak behavior

I have a weird issue. I'm trying to keccak256 packed encoded arguments in Rust [which should mimic Soldity's behavior to be checked on chain later]. I've failed for now. To figure out the issue I've ...
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1answer
50 views

Unable to store hash in blockchain [closed]

I have a major problem/ I've got a simple smart contract that stores data (a text in blockchain and it works well, but when I pass keccak256, it stores only the string passed in as an argument but not ...
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1answer
459 views

Is any 40 character hex string a valid ethereum address?

I know an ethereum address is generated by getting the last 20 bytes of the keccak-256 hash of the public key, which is 40 hex digits. I also know, an address does not need to have transactions ...
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226 views

Solidity. Concatenate and hash two strings

Hi all I need tho sha256 two strings. I am new to solidity. This is what I've got: function addressToString(address _addr) public pure returns(string memory) { bytes32 value = bytes32(uint256(...
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169 views

Generating an address from a public key in C++

Example: Input key = 0x025f37d20e5b18909361e0ead7ed17c69b417bee70746c9e9c2bcb1394d921d4ae Output address = 0xd09D3103CcABfb769eDc3e9B01500Ca7241D470A I have been using an algorithm from keccak-tiny....
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161 views

How can i `ecrecover` in solidity to verify the digest produced by `web3.utils.soliditySha3` in JS side?

Javascript side: id = 128 uri = "xxx://xxx" hash = web3.utils.soliditySha3(id,uri) sign = web3.eth.accounts.sign(hash1, privateKey) Solidity side: function(uint256 id, string memory uri,bytes v, ...
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1answer
523 views

Different outputs for Keccak256(), which one is right?

To get a value from contract storage I used this geth code succesfully: var contractAddress = '0x88e726de6cbadc47159c6ccd4f7868ae7a037730' var index = '...
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1answer
143 views

Cross-posted from Stack-Overflow: Using Google Cloud Key Management Service to sign an Ethereum transaction

Cross-posted from question I've been working on writing a signer service for an Ethereum transaction manager and I need to sign Ethereum transactions using Google KMS Golang APIs. I'll try and ...
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1answer
84 views

How are we able to send 512 bit hash as a bytes32 variable?

I have a code that is working: solidity function checkSignature(bytes32 h, uint8 v, bytes32 r, bytes32 s) public pure returns (address signer) { bytes memory prefix = "\x19Ethereum Signed ...
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3answers
594 views

How to generate the full list of function selectors for a contract?

A contract has many functions and how to automatically generate the full selector list, including inherited functions, for the whole contract? Preferred solution shouldn’t require more than a web ...
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1answer
58 views

Why solidity's keccak returns different value from online generators?

I try to implement my own little modifited commit&reveal voting. I have problem with revael phase. Reveal metod signature look like: function reveal(bytes32[] memory _reveals, bytes32[] memory ...
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1answer
144 views

What is the best way to store a hexadecimal value in an array in Solidity?

I am attempting to store a hash (web3.sha3) into an array in a smart contract. What is the best way to do that?
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1answer
140 views

Is there a way to obtain the same Hash using Keccak256 from Web3 and ZoKrates hash function such as sha256packed?

I am trying to use the hash obtained from keccak256 (applied to a number or input) and using it into sha256packet from ZoKrates (or other function) for comparing it with the Hash obtained in Zokrates ...
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45 views

Need to help in adding bigendian support for Keccak256.cpp

Need help in making the keccakf function based on endiness in https://github.com/ethereum/solidity/blob/develop/libdevcore/Keccak256.cpp. I have gone through similar functionality at https://github....
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exploiting keccak for random number generation?

Whenever a ticket will be purchased, a random number will be generated function _mightWin() internal { address _player = msg.sender; // players address uint256 ...
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1answer
149 views

Is pre 0.5.0 keccak256(a,b) equivalent to post 0.5.0 keccak256(abi.encodePacked(a,b))?

In pre 0.5.0 Solidity if you wanted to hash a some set of data you would do keccak(a, b, c). Post 0.5.0 keccak only takes 1 arg and it is suggested to use keccak(abi.encodePacked(a,b,c)) instead But ...
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1answer
281 views

Where is string stored in solidity storage?

I'm trying to check where is stored a string in storage in Solidity. For testing this I'm using this code: pragma solidity 0.5.4; contract AssemblyString { string s; // slot 0 function set(...
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1answer
463 views

block hash from block-header rlp [duplicate]

Given the RLP of a block header, how do i get the block hash? https://github.com/ethereum/go-ethereum/blob/master/core/types/block.go#L99 The above link says: Hash returns the block hash of the ...
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2answers
2k views

How to compare two bytes32?

I was using strings before I read that using bytes is gas cheaper. Now I changed my strings to bytes32 but I don't know how to compare them. I need to check if two bytes32 are equal in the require ...
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1answer
610 views

keccak256 string comparison failure

When trying to compare a string from storage to a string being passed into a function (memory), I am getting the following error when attempting to convert the memory string using keccak256(). What am ...
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1answer
95 views

Safe for random number?

My thought is that we come up with a random number in one block and make it private so no one can see it. The timer will allow a few blocks to be mined and then the revealNumber function allows the ...
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110 views

Can I use an address value in such a hash function

I have a method which updates 3 mappings in my contract. To save data I use some items properties and message sender address, which allows easily to get users data. mapping(bytes32 => uint256) ...
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5answers
579 views

Can I easily generate a public address which has no private key?

I might be wrong in some of the facts that I state here, so please correct me if necessary. My understanding: Private key - 256 bits Public key - 256 bits Public address - the last 160 bits of a ...
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1answer
948 views

What is the gas cost of keccak256(“abc”)?

According to this answer, the gas cost of keccak256 is: 30 gas + 6 gas for each word (rounded up) for input data to a SHA3 Keccak-256 operation I'm assuming that the size of a word is 256 bits and ...
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2answers
380 views

Keccak256 check Key

So I need a function that checks if a key fits the hash of that said key. This is what I have: function checkKey(bytes32 hash, bytes32 privateKey) public returns (bool success) { require(...
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1answer
2k views

Is it safe to use abi.encodePacked in production solidity code?

In my solidity game project, I am using this: if (king == keccak256(abi.encodePacked(player)){ //continue as king } else{ // not king } Where player data type is bytes and king is a player ...
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3answers
1k views

C# how to compute Keccak256 to match Solidity?

I have a simple Solidity function as below: function testKeccak(uint8[] buffer) public pure returns (bytes32) { return keccak256(abi.encodePacked(buffer)); } Testing the keccak256 hash using ...
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1answer
53 views

How to get two points (x, y) from an encoded pubkey?

this gives a valid address from two points; address(uint256(keccak256(abi.encodePacked(point[0], point[1]))) & 0x00FFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFFF); but does that mean that if you are ...