In my contract, there is a struct type:

struct Claim {
    address healthcareProvider;
    uint amount;
    bool patientSig;
    bool paid;
    uint item;

And the initialize function is:

function MakeClaim(uint _amount, uint _item, uint num) {
    Claim memory c;
    c.healthcareProvider = tx.origin;
    c.patientSig = false;
    c.paid = false;
    c.amount = _amount;
    c.item = _item;

When I call this function to create a new Claim type, I find the price is 2.687 ETH (not gas). This is much more than the cost for deploying the entire contract! I am testing it on the Morden test net. Where is my problem?

  • This function stores some arguments into memory, this is pretty cheap operation for the struct (tens of gas) comparing to storing data in storage (thousands of gas). Please measure operation/transaction costs in GAS, not in ETH. Maybe you gas price is too high?
    – k06a
    Commented Jan 12, 2023 at 13:19

1 Answer 1


As in blockchain data-store is a scarce resource, it's pretty expensive. Storing data is the most expensive operation in any smart contract.

sstore  100     Paid for a normal SSTORE operation (doubled or waived sometimes).

You can see the whole list: https://www.cryptocompare.com/coins/guides/what-is-the-gas-in-ethereum/

So, if you are using complex structures, the cost is multiplied.

  • So two bools, two unsigned ints, and an address cost over 30 USD every time you want to save or update them? Am I misunderstanding how Ethereum works? Commented Nov 4, 2016 at 13:22
  • 1
    30 USD seems to be so much even for that. Check the gas price and the estimated gas usage in solidity online compiler (ethereum.github.io/browser-solidity). Are you running this smart contract in live net or in a private testnet?
    – KanekiDev
    Commented Nov 7, 2016 at 7:13
  • What do you mean by complex structures? Do you have any example for a simple struct case? @KanekiDev
    – alper
    Commented Jun 1, 2017 at 9:48
  • A complex structure may be for example: if you want to build a tree-structure in your smart-contract.
    – KanekiDev
    Commented Jun 1, 2017 at 11:05

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