I've a couple of questions.

  1. mload function returns the data that resides on the address we pass to mload. Is this correct ?

  2. add function is used to give us the address from 0 to whatever we pass. add(arr, 64) would return the address from arr + 64 bytes. correct. ?

  3. I want to achieve same things with storage variables (x_slot and x_offset).. I have the following code.

uint[] storageArr;
    function assembly2() public view returns (uint a, uint b, uint c) {
        assembly {
            a := sload(0)
            b := sload(32)
            c := sload(64)

This returns {3, 0, 0,}. The first one(slot) is 3, since it stores the length of the array. why is the second and third one 0 ?

1 Answer 1


Due to their unpredictable size, dynamically-sized array types use a Keccak-256 hash computation to find the starting position of the array data.

So in your example:

  • The position of storageArr[0] is at keccak256(uint256(0)) + 0
  • The position of storageArr[1] is at keccak256(uint256(0)) + 1
  • The position of storageArr[2] is at keccak256(uint256(0)) + 2

Here is how you can put it into code:

function assembly2() public view returns (uint a, uint b, uint c) {
    uint index = uint(keccak256(abi.encode(uint(0))));
    assembly {
        a := sload(add(index, 0))
        b := sload(add(index, 1))
        c := sload(add(index, 2))
  • how would I write that in assembly language ? if you could change the code to reflect it, that would be great Sep 30, 2020 at 9:17
  • @NikaKurashvili: I think that sload(keccak256(storageArr, n)) for n in [0, 1, 2] might work. Sep 30, 2020 at 9:19
  • sload(keccak256(storageArr,0)) returns error: Only local variables are supported. To access storage variables, use the _slot and _offset suffixes. Sep 30, 2020 at 9:25
  • @NikaKurashvili: OK, give me a few minutes to see if I can find it. Sep 30, 2020 at 9:26
  • @NikaKurashvili: See updated answer. BTW, note that your view function changes a state variable. You should basically move that part out into a different function. Sep 30, 2020 at 9:35

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