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I want to sign a transaction that calls a smart contract function and send it to the Rinkeby network.

I found on Web3j documentation the RawTransaction class that supports the methods for the contract creation and for Ethereum exchange, however I'm not able to send a raw transaction that calls a function from the smart contract.

How can I do this? is there a way to use createFunctionCallTransaction from the Transaction class and sign it with my credentials?

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2 Answers 2

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Let's take for example the following simple storage contract:

pragma solidity ^0.5.6;

contract SimpleStorage {
    uint storedData;

    function set(uint x) public {
        storedData = x;
    }

    function get() public view returns (uint) {
        return storedData;
    }
}

You can send a transaction to a (already deployed) smart contract with the following code:

// Connect to the node
System.out.println("Connecting to Ethereum ...");
Web3j web3j = Web3j.build(new HttpService("http://localhost:8545"));
System.out.println("Successfuly connected to Ethereum");

// Load an account
String pk = "0xabcdef...1234567890";
Credentials credentials = Credentials.create(pk);

// Contract and functions
String contractAddress = "0x12d8e4546CD10e282083344CD4CA2C55FC3dAbeC";

Function function = new Function("set", // Function name
    Arrays.asList(new Uint(BigInteger.valueOf(20))), // Function input parameters
    Collections.emptyList()); // Function returned parameters

//Encode function values in transaction data format
String txData = FunctionEncoder.encode(function);

// RawTransactionManager use a wallet (credential) to create and sign transaction 
TransactionManager txManager = new RawTransactionManager(web3j, credentials);

// Send transaction
String txHash = txManager.sendTransaction(
    DefaultGasProvider.GAS_PRICE, 
    DefaultGasProvider.GAS_LIMIT, 
    contractAddress, 
    txData, 
    BigInteger.ZERO).getTransactionHash();

// Wait for transaction to be mined
TransactionReceiptProcessor receiptProcessor = new PollingTransactionReceiptProcessor(
    web3j, 
    TransactionManager.DEFAULT_POLLING_FREQUENCY, 
    TransactionManager.DEFAULT_POLLING_ATTEMPTS_PER_TX_HASH);
TransactionReceipt txReceipt = receiptProcessor.waitForTransactionReceipt(txHash);

The code is also available on github

There other and more convenient solutions using a Java Smart contract wrapper (see here)

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  • I resolved creating a RawTransaction.createTransaction passing as data filed the function encoded. Thanks for your example!
    – Alessandro
    Jul 15, 2019 at 9:47
  • Hey can you explain your approach a little bit? I am also trying to sign my smart contract offline. I am unable to think of what to pass in the "to", "nounce" and "data" fields of the createTransaction method. May 21, 2020 at 8:55
  • To get a return value from a contract call, see @ha-Đang's answer below.
    – devdanke
    Mar 4, 2023 at 16:57
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Use createFunctionCallTransaction to get a return value from a smart contract call, as shown in an official Web3j example (link below):

querying-the-state-of-a-smart-contract (Web3j v4.8.7)

Then use RawTransactionManager to sign and send the tnx

https://github.com/web3j/web3j/blob/39df8f62c074d64bd88a1154719a49b06644ffb2/core/src/main/java/org/web3j/tx/RawTransactionManager.java#L136

Hope this will help!

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  • Thanks for linking to the example of a raw contract call that gets a return value.
    – devdanke
    Mar 4, 2023 at 17:21

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