I have the following contract code example:

contract C {

    struct A {
        uint256 a;
        uint256 b;

    struct B {
        A ax;
        uint256 c;

    struct C {
        string name;
        B[] bs;

    function init() {
        C memory c;
        B memory b;
        A memory a;

        a.a = 10;
        a.b = 20;

        b.ax = a;
        b.c = 30;

        c.name = "Test test test";
        c.bs[0] = b;

Why can't I use push for the last statement

 c.bs[0] = b;



It throws the following error:

Untitled:30:9: Error: Member "push" is not available in struct B memory[] memory outside of storage.

but bs is an array of structures.

  • Not completely related to the original question but to comment on Roland's comment: > Memory arrays have always a fixed length. Memory arrays can have variable length by initializing them with the new keyword. solidity.readthedocs.io/en/develop/types.html#arrays – atc Aug 16 '17 at 21:08

Push is available only on storage arrays, that is member/ state variables and not in memory arrays, that is local variables:

push: Dynamic storage arrays and bytes (not string) have a member function called push that can be used to append an element at the end of the array. The function returns the new length.


  • So it's not possible to initialize a struct that contains an array and is stored in memory and then later append it as an element to an array in storage? – Sebi Jul 19 '16 at 15:26
  • 1
    from what I understand this is perfectly possible using push, but not the other way around. Memory arrays have always a fixed length. – Roland Kofler Jul 19 '16 at 15:33

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