0
pragma solidity ^0.4.17;


contract Lottery{

    address public manager; 
    address[] public players;

    function Lottery() public {
        manager = msg.sender;

    }


    function enter() public payable{
        require (msg.value > 0.01 ether);
        players.push(msg.sender);
    }


    function random() public view returns (uint){
        return uint(keccak256(block.difficulty, now, players));
    }

}

I executed random function after being deployed on Rinkeby testnet, but no ether has been deducted as GasFee. Please correct me if i am wrong, but random functions is calculating a Psudorandom function and it involves computations. Shoudnt it require gas to execute?

One guess: Any view function which doesnt change state doesnt need Gas?

1

Correct.

Clients have the option, but most clients will call the function in a read-only fashion, seeing that there is nothing for the network to verify because it doesn't change the state.

More details: When to use "View" and "Pure" in place of "Constant"

Hope it helps.

  • 1
    Now, I get it. Since it doesnt change state..it doesnt needs to be replicated to other machines which means no verification needed. Even if i would like to make 1000s request to this function in a second, they can only be made to my copy of Blockchain on my server or machine. Isnt it? – saurav verma Jan 25 at 19:57
  • Yes, given that it's read-only, your own node can inspect the local copy of the chain (which it presumes is the same as everyone else's) and evaluate and respond. There are non-obvious subtleties, so I linked the other answer and the blog post. The blog post unpacks the issues people tend to get confused about. – Rob Hitchens - B9lab Jan 25 at 20:01

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