Here is the code:

pragma solidity ^0.4.18;

interface token {
    function transfer(address receiver, uint amount) external;

contract Crowdsale {
    address public beneficiary;
    uint public fundingGoal;
    uint public amountRaised;
    uint public deadline;
    uint public price;
    token public tokenReward;
    mapping(address => uint256) public balanceOf;
    bool fundingGoalReached = false;
    bool crowdsaleClosed = false;

    event GoalReached(address recipient, uint totalAmountRaised);
    event FundTransfer(address backer, uint amount, bool isContribution);

     * Constructor function
     * Setup the owner
    function Crowdsale(
        address ifSuccessfulSendTo,
        uint fundingGoalInEthers,
        uint durationInMinutes,
        uint etherCostOfEachToken,
        address addressOfTokenUsedAsReward
    ) public {
        beneficiary = ifSuccessfulSendTo;
        fundingGoal = fundingGoalInEthers * 1 ether;
        deadline = now + durationInMinutes * 1 minutes;
        price = etherCostOfEachToken * 1 ether;
        tokenReward = token(addressOfTokenUsedAsReward);

     * Fallback function
     * The function without name is the default function that is called whenever anyone sends funds to a contract
    function () payable public {
        uint amount = msg.value;
        balanceOf[msg.sender] += amount;
        amountRaised += amount;
        tokenReward.transfer(msg.sender, amount / price);
       emit FundTransfer(msg.sender, amount, true);

    modifier afterDeadline() { if (now >= deadline) _; }

     * Check if goal was reached
     * Checks if the goal or time limit has been reached and ends the campaign
    function checkGoalReached() public afterDeadline {
        if (amountRaised >= fundingGoal){
            fundingGoalReached = true;
            emit GoalReached(beneficiary, amountRaised);
        crowdsaleClosed = true;

     * Withdraw the funds
     * Checks to see if goal or time limit has been reached, and if so, and the funding goal was reached,
     * sends the entire amount to the beneficiary. If goal was not reached, each contributor can withdraw
     * the amount they contributed.
    function safeWithdrawal() public afterDeadline {
        if (!fundingGoalReached) {
            uint amount = balanceOf[msg.sender];
            balanceOf[msg.sender] = 0;
            if (amount > 0) {
                if (msg.sender.send(amount)) {
                   emit FundTransfer(msg.sender, amount, false);
                } else {
                    balanceOf[msg.sender] = amount;

        if (fundingGoalReached && beneficiary == msg.sender) {
            if (beneficiary.send(amountRaised)) {
               emit FundTransfer(beneficiary, amountRaised, false);
            } else {
                //If we fail to send the funds to beneficiary, unlock funders balance
                fundingGoalReached = false;

and here is the image of what I need to fill in when deploying the contract: enter image description here


The line beneficiary = ifSuccessfulSendTo; tells you that it will be the beneficiary.

Later, you see that beneficiary.send(amountRaised). So this will be the address to which you want to see Ether money raised go.

So pick an address you control and put that one in here.

  • I have done that and the tokens are never actually bought or at least the proceeds don't show up in the account I chose and the account I send test ether from never receives the tokens. – C North Oct 17 '18 at 16:55
  • Is the condition if (fundingGoalReached && beneficiary == msg.sender) satisfied when you attempt to withdraw? – Xavier Leprêtre B9lab Oct 17 '18 at 21:19
  • I thought it automatically sent the funds if funding goal was met. It never did and the account that I sent test ether from never received the tokens. The funding goal was 2 test ether and the time was for 10 minutes. – C North Oct 17 '18 at 21:24
  • The code says it takes contributions in. Then you call checkGoalReached, then you withdraw. It is the classic inversion of control found in many contracts: do proper accounting and let the interested party take the money. – Xavier Leprêtre B9lab Oct 17 '18 at 21:28
  • So, my lack of knowledge and experience compels me to ask if what you wrote above is a good thing. Also, how do I call the checkGoalReached function? – C North Oct 17 '18 at 21:37

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