I'm trying to generate ethereum raw transactions.

this is keccak hash of my transaction:


after signing it with my private key I obtained this values:

r= 4041e0cf580308bcedc1f0a136029ff5200827f9dacad8c3b4884ab1350c031f
s= 0e0a5e601489fbd5a647e0423f0cf84c80b7d14cb3bf61e066184b2d94c7a267

now at the end I must calculate value of v

I found two formulas for it:

1) v = CHAIN_ID * 2 + 35
2) v = CHAIN_ID * 2 + 36

I don't know which formulas must I use.

now exactly how must I detect which formulas must I use ?


2 Answers 2


For the library you're using, see https://github.com/simplito/elliptic-php/blob/d6c5ecaaf434a52449f5e8faa350311c9fd1dd7a/tests/ECDSATest.php#L305:

$recid = $ec->getKeyRecoveryParam($msg, $signature, $key->getPublic());

Or perhaps $recoverParam is already a member of Signature? See https://github.com/simplito/elliptic-php/blob/master/lib/EC/Signature.php#L12.

In any case, I imagine that the recovery param is 0 or 1. You'll need to add to it to get the right v value for the chain you're using.


According to the document (EIP-155): v of the signature MUST be set to {0,1} + CHAIN_ID * 2 + 35 where {0,1} is the parity of the y value of the curve point for which r is the x-value in the secp256k1 signing process. which means {0,1} value is not calculateable. you must recover the sender's address from each 2 amounts of v for each recovered address is equal to the sender's address that v is the correct one.

y_parity_range = [0, 1]

for y_parity in y_parity_range:
    temp_v = chainId * 2 + 35 + y_parity
    recovered_address = Account.recoverHash(
        vrs=(temp_v, r, s)

    if recovered_address == origin_address:
        v = temp_v

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