If _tois left empty, and bytecode is a new contract, should _to.call(bytecode) create a new contract ? Or is it so that when a _to address is included in the transaction then the EVM processes it as a non-contract-creating transaction ?

EDIT: I'm trying to create a new contract via a proposal on the http://ethereum.org/dao framework. This article said that its possible, but it does not work. So my question is, is it possible to create a new contract using .call() ?

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  • if _to is empty wouldn't that mean you call a function of an undefined object? This can't work! Jun 5, 2016 at 14:14

3 Answers 3


Here's an example of how to use the create opcode:

contract Factory {
    function create(bytes code) returns (address addr){
        assembly {
            addr := create(0,add(code,0x20), mload(code))

contract Adder {
    function add(uint a, uint b) returns (uint){
        return a+b;

contract Tester {
    Adder a;

    function Tester(address factory){
        a = Adder(Factory(factory).create(
        if(address(a) == 0) throw;

    function test(uint x, uint y) constant returns (uint){
        return a.add(x,y);

Just deploy the Factory, pass its address into the Tester, and the Tester will create a new Adder, which it will use to add together integers passed to the test function.

The factory will throw if the create failed.

  • Thanks a lot for this example! Can you please explain how did you obtain that bytecode? I tried compiling the Adder contract in Remix but I get slightly different results.
    – jeff
    May 1, 2017 at 20:35
  • It's just the straight output of compiling Adder. How is your result different? May 1, 2017 at 20:44
  • When I add pragma solidity 0.4.8; in the beginning and compile with Remix, this is what I get: 606060405234610000575b60ad806100186000396000f30060606040526000357c0100000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000900463ffffffff168063771602f714603c575b6000565b34600057605d60048080359060200190919080359060200190919050506073565b6040518082815260200191505060405180910390f35b600081830190505b929150505600a165627a7a72305820e4ea791a28b2087faefce8bb60d7f512153b3d14e381ae6442f5ec19c296c92d0029
    – jeff
    May 1, 2017 at 21:02
  • 2
    Why use "add(code,0x20)"?
    – lixq
    May 21, 2018 at 17:26
  • 1
    The first 32 bytes are the length, so mload(code) is code.length. This says "use the code starting at code+32 with length code.length May 22, 2018 at 13:43

TL;DR: You can use the inline assembly code create,
(as @Eth pointed out in the comments)

call() is made to expose opcode CALL, not to call the opcode CREATE(s,v,p).

From the documentation:

All three functions call, delegatecall and callcode are very low-level functions and should only be used as a last resort as they break the type-safety of Solidity.

They are low level functions that implement directly the opcodes. CREATE is not one of them.

This can be inferred from the following links:

Here you see create and call opcodes: http://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/latest/control-structures.html?highlight=create

Here you see an explanation of calling a function of an ABI dynamically: http://solidity.readthedocs.io/en/latest/frequently-asked-questions.html#what-does-p-recipient-call-value-p-amount-p-data-do

  • 1
    Looks like OP can use inline assembly create.
    – eth
    Jun 13, 2016 at 10:51
  • I guess I didnt RTFM accurately @eth Jun 13, 2016 at 11:16
  • 1
    Your answer is correct that .call() can't be used; I just commented on how OP might be able to do what they are trying to do.
    – eth
    Jun 13, 2016 at 11:19

According to Ethereum Yellow Paper, the OPCODE CALL is used for "message-call into an account". Therefore, essentially, CALL cannot be used directly to deploy a contract.

However, CALL can be used to invoke the public function A of another contract C. If function A further invokes the constructor of C, then this CALL behavior will eventually deploy a new contract, the bytecode of which is exactly the same as C.

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