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I am including web3.js 0.19.0 and getting the following error from the browser console: Uncaught ReferenceError: web3 is not defined at file.html:270 when using it with the following code:

<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/web3@0.19.0/dist/web3.js"></script>

<script>

window.addEventListener('load', function () {
    if (typeof web3 !== 'undefined') {
        console.log('Web3 Detected! ' + web3.currentProvider.constructor.name)
        web3 = new Web3(web3.currentProvider);
    } else {
        console.log('No Web3 Detected... using HTTP Provider')
        web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.HttpProvider("https://ropsten.infura.io/key"));
        if(!web3.isConnected())
            console.log("not connected");
        else
            console.log("connected"); 
    }
});

web3.eth.defaultAccount = "0x..."; // <-- here starts the error "web3 undefined!!"
var myContract = web3.eth.contract(...abi...);
var myInstance = myContract.at('0x...');

</script>

On the other hand the browser gives me a positive message and tells me:

No Web3 Detected... using HTTP Provider    (because I don't use Metamask)

connected

So how can web3 not being defined, if I get a connection with it?

1

The web3 instance within your if statement comes from the window object. This occurs when MetaMask/Mist/Cipher injects it into the browser.

If you enter the else statement, this means that no web3 instance was found on the window object. So, you manually create one from another provider (Infura, in your case). Either way, web3 will be defined (in one way or another) after the if...else statements.

Once you have a defined instance of web3, you need to do something with it from within the addEventListener() function since it is asynchronous. Depending on how you are structuring you application, you could call a startApp() function (or another type of callback) which will have access to your defined web3 instance.

  • Thank you for the answer, I have already tried window.web3. Getting the same error... – saitam May 11 '18 at 20:11
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You need to move the code that tries to use web3 inside the load handler. As the code currently stands is, you're trying to use web3 before you've defined it:

window.addEventListener('load', function () {
    if (typeof web3 !== 'undefined') {
        console.log('Web3 Detected! ' + web3.currentProvider.constructor.name)
        web3 = new Web3(web3.currentProvider);
    } else {
        console.log('No Web3 Detected... using HTTP Provider')
        web3 = new Web3(new Web3.providers.HttpProvider("https://ropsten.infura.io/key"));
        if(!web3.isConnected())
            console.log("not connected");
        else
            console.log("connected"); 
    }
    web3.eth.defaultAccount = "0x...";
    var myContract = web3.eth.contract(...abi...);
    var myInstance = myContract.at('0x...');
});

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