I try to convert hex string to bytes.

function MyContract() public {
    string memory str = "A76A95918C39eE40d4a43CFAF19C35050E32E271";
    array1 = bytes(str);

    bytes memory  str1 = hex"A76A95918C39eE40d4a43CFAF19C35050E32E271";
    array2 = str1; 

In array1 I have only unicode from str like array1[0] - 41. In array 2 I have what I want array2[0] - a7. But I can't use hex with variable.

I want to use function arguments for conversion to bytes like:

function (string str) {
  return bytes(hex(str))

Question: Is there any way to do the conversion in Solidity?

Thanks so much in advance.

2 Answers 2


This are very inefficient but should work

// Convert an hexadecimal character to their value
function fromHexChar(uint8 c) public pure returns (uint8) {
    if (bytes1(c) >= bytes1('0') && bytes1(c) <= bytes1('9')) {
        return c - uint8(bytes1('0'));
    if (bytes1(c) >= bytes1('a') && bytes1(c) <= bytes1('f')) {
        return 10 + c - uint8(bytes1('a'));
    if (bytes1(c) >= bytes1('A') && bytes1(c) <= bytes1('F')) {
        return 10 + c - uint8(bytes1('A'));

// Convert an hexadecimal string to raw bytes
function fromHex(string memory s) public pure returns (bytes memory) {
    bytes memory ss = bytes(s);
    require(ss.length%2 == 0); // length must be even
    bytes memory r = new bytes(ss.length/2);
    for (uint i=0; i<ss.length/2; ++i) {
        r[i] = bytes1(fromHexChar(uint8(ss[2*i])) * 16 +
    return r;

In any case I'd recommend to try to convert your hexadecimal data outside solidity.

  • Thanks for the answer, the bottom is what I need, but it returns bytes. This may be a stupid question, but how do I get it as bytes32?
    – thefett
    Apr 27, 2018 at 14:10
  • @thefett It should be possible, declare bytes32 r instead of bytes memory r = new bytes(..). The problem is that it is not easy to modify indivual bytes of bytes32, but casting to uint and using shifts you can achieve that.
    – Ismael
    Apr 29, 2018 at 6:47
  • this doesn't work sadly...
    – Jim
    May 19, 2022 at 0:59
  • @Jim I tried and the functions worked from solc 0.5. It had a warning with solc 0.8 but it was easy to fix, it should have worked anyway.
    – Ismael
    May 19, 2022 at 4:18
  • when I call fromHex("FF") I want it to return the unit 255, not the raw bytes. Isn't this what OP is asking?
    – Jim
    May 19, 2022 at 5:09

abi.encodePacked can be used now.

bytes memory b = abi.encodePacked(hex"A76A95918C39eE40d4a43CFAF19C35050E32E271")

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