I'm trying to figure out how you find the public key used to sign a transaction from v, r, and s. Before someone says so, this isn't a duplicate of Get public key of any ethereum account. That question asks how you do it just from the address, not from a transactions. The responses to that question just say that it can be done with some libraries, but don't explain how the math actually works.
I'm trying to follow the steps in the Wikipedia article on ECDSA (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elliptic_Curve_Digital_Signature_Algorithm). I'm good up to step 6 of the signature verification algorithm. We can get u1 and u2 from r, s, and the transaction itself. The generator point is part of the secp256k1 specification, but I don't see where the public key (Q_A in the Wikipedia article) comes from. We haven't used v yet (not clear to me what it is), but it's only one byte and we lost more than one byte when we went from public key to Ethereum address (Keccak-256 hash, then drop 12 bytes), so I don't see how that can get us back to the public key.