I'm trying to prepare an ico for my friends association, I'm using Basic Attention Token's source code. I'm trying to call the createtokens function in the contract to create the coins but I can't complete the transaction, I got fail. How can I prevent this? It's pretty simple code but I don't know what's the problem here. Here is the failed transaction of createtokens function: https://ropsten.etherscan.io/tx/0x5ece1db19a2c8388a3e1bb3e810a8bcd76b27e7c1b12516c05e9cf4352f6bd5a

pragma solidity ^0.4.10;

/* taking ideas from FirstBlood token */
contract SafeMath {

    /* function assert(bool assertion) internal { */
    /*   if (!assertion) { */
    /*     throw; */
    /*   } */
    /* }      // assert no longer needed once solidity is on 0.4.10 */

    function safeAdd(uint256 x, uint256 y) internal returns(uint256) {
      uint256 z = x + y;
      assert((z >= x) && (z >= y));
      return z;

    function safeSubtract(uint256 x, uint256 y) internal returns(uint256) {
      assert(x >= y);
      uint256 z = x - y;
      return z;

    function safeMult(uint256 x, uint256 y) internal returns(uint256) {
      uint256 z = x * y;
      assert((x == 0)||(z/x == y));
      return z;


contract Token {
    uint256 public totalSupply;
    function balanceOf(address _owner) constant returns (uint256 balance);
    function transfer(address _to, uint256 _value) returns (bool success);
    function transferFrom(address _from, address _to, uint256 _value) returns (bool success);
    function approve(address _spender, uint256 _value) returns (bool success);
    function allowance(address _owner, address _spender) constant returns (uint256 remaining);
    event Transfer(address indexed _from, address indexed _to, uint256 _value);
    event Approval(address indexed _owner, address indexed _spender, uint256 _value);

/*  ERC 20 token */
contract StandardToken is Token {

    function transfer(address _to, uint256 _value) returns (bool success) {
      if (balances[msg.sender] >= _value && _value > 0) {
        balances[msg.sender] -= _value;
        balances[_to] += _value;
        Transfer(msg.sender, _to, _value);
        return true;
      } else {
        return false;

    function transferFrom(address _from, address _to, uint256 _value) returns (bool success) {
      if (balances[_from] >= _value && allowed[_from][msg.sender] >= _value && _value > 0) {
        balances[_to] += _value;
        balances[_from] -= _value;
        allowed[_from][msg.sender] -= _value;
        Transfer(_from, _to, _value);
        return true;
      } else {
        return false;

    function balanceOf(address _owner) constant returns (uint256 balance) {
        return balances[_owner];

    function approve(address _spender, uint256 _value) returns (bool success) {
        allowed[msg.sender][_spender] = _value;
        Approval(msg.sender, _spender, _value);
        return true;

    function allowance(address _owner, address _spender) constant returns (uint256 remaining) {
      return allowed[_owner][_spender];

    mapping (address => uint256) balances;
    mapping (address => mapping (address => uint256)) allowed;

contract BAToken is StandardToken, SafeMath {

    // metadata
    string public constant name = "Basic Attention Token";
    string public constant symbol = "SAT";
    uint256 public constant decimals = 18;
    string public version = "1.0";

    // contracts
    address public ethFundDeposit = 0xf03a9e53A09E94dD8E333d67D1D2B2EA59185005;      // deposit address for ETH for Brave International
    address public batFundDeposit = 0xf03a9e53A09E94dD8E333d67D1D2B2EA59185005;      // deposit address for Brave International use and BAT User Fund

    // crowdsale parameters
    bool public isFinalized;              // switched to true in operational state
    uint256 public fundingStartBlock;
    uint256 public fundingEndBlock;
    uint256 public constant batFund = 500 * (10**6) * 10**decimals;   // 500m BAT reserved for Brave Intl use
    uint256 public constant tokenExchangeRate = 6400; // 6400 BAT tokens per 1 ETH
    uint256 public constant tokenCreationCap =  1500 * (10**6) * 10**decimals;
    uint256 public constant tokenCreationMin =  675 * (10**6) * 10**decimals;

    // events
    event LogRefund(address indexed _to, uint256 _value);
    event CreateBAT(address indexed _to, uint256 _value);

    // constructor
    function BAToken(
        address _ethFundDeposit,
        address _batFundDeposit,
        uint256 _fundingStartBlock,
        uint256 _fundingEndBlock)
      isFinalized = false;                   //controls pre through crowdsale state
      ethFundDeposit = _ethFundDeposit;
      batFundDeposit = _batFundDeposit;
      fundingStartBlock = _fundingStartBlock;
      fundingEndBlock = _fundingEndBlock;
      totalSupply = batFund;
      balances[batFundDeposit] = batFund;    // Deposit Brave Intl share
      CreateBAT(batFundDeposit, batFund);  // logs Brave Intl fund

    /// @dev Accepts ether and creates new BAT tokens.
    function createTokens() payable external {
      if (isFinalized) throw;
      if (block.number < fundingStartBlock) throw;
      if (block.number > fundingEndBlock) throw;
      if (msg.value == 0) throw;

      uint256 tokens = safeMult(msg.value, tokenExchangeRate); // check that we're not over totals
      uint256 checkedSupply = safeAdd(totalSupply, tokens);

      // return money if something goes wrong
      if (tokenCreationCap < checkedSupply) throw;  // odd fractions won't be found

      totalSupply = checkedSupply;
      balances[msg.sender] += tokens;  // safeAdd not needed; bad semantics to use here
      CreateBAT(msg.sender, tokens);  // logs token creation

    /// @dev Ends the funding period and sends the ETH home
    function finalize() external {
      if (isFinalized) throw;
      if (msg.sender != ethFundDeposit) throw; // locks finalize to the ultimate ETH owner
      if(totalSupply < tokenCreationMin) throw;      // have to sell minimum to move to operational
      if(block.number <= fundingEndBlock && totalSupply != tokenCreationCap) throw;
      // move to operational
      isFinalized = true;
      if(!ethFundDeposit.send(this.balance)) throw;  // send the eth to Brave International

    /// @dev Allows contributors to recover their ether in the case of a failed funding campaign.
    function refund() external {
      if(isFinalized) throw;                       // prevents refund if operational
      if (block.number <= fundingEndBlock) throw; // prevents refund until sale period is over
      if(totalSupply >= tokenCreationMin) throw;  // no refunds if we sold enough
      if(msg.sender == batFundDeposit) throw;    // Brave Intl not entitled to a refund
      uint256 batVal = balances[msg.sender];
      if (batVal == 0) throw;
      balances[msg.sender] = 0;
      totalSupply = safeSubtract(totalSupply, batVal); // extra safe
      uint256 ethVal = batVal / tokenExchangeRate;     // should be safe; previous throws covers edges
      LogRefund(msg.sender, ethVal);               // log it 
      if (!msg.sender.send(ethVal)) throw;       // if you're using a contract; make sure it works with .send gas limits


  • We need more information. If you publish the code to Etherscan, we could read the values of finalized, fundingStartBlock, etc. Without those, it's difficult to see what's going on. Most likely cause is that one of the four tests at the start of createTokens is failing and the contract throws, although it may have also failed in the safe math functions. By the way, look into the revert keyword. It's less costly on the user than throw and I think it might allow for a return message string (I'd have to look into that, but I'm not at a computer). – Thomas Jay Rush Oct 29 '17 at 12:02

Check the different conditions

  1. isFinalized is True or False?

If it is false, the transaction will fail.

  1. Make sure your block.number is > fundingStartBloc and < fundingEndBlock number.
  2. Make sure the value of Ether you are sending along is not equal to 0.

In the link you have mentioned above, the txn shows 0 eth. That might be the reason it failed.

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