In section 5 of the yellow paper, it states "there will be a (weighted) dustribution of minimum acceptable gas prices.." My question is what, if any, is the enforcement mechanism that ensures this distribution? What's to stop every miner from wanting a high gas price?


Every client can set the minimum gas price of incoming transactions. Transactions with gas price below the limit will not be propagated and included in the pending block. That means that even there might exists miners with minimum gas price of 0, transactions with low gas price may not reach them as they are not propagated by other clients.

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    More concretely how would you set an acceptable gas price of 0 in ethminer / geth ? – euri10 Apr 1 '16 at 7:46
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    The --gasprice command line switch would do so. – Matthew Schmidt Jun 11 '16 at 14:42
  • That means that normal geth client does not propagate transaction with gasPrice lower the 20GWei (current default gasPrice)? Is there a way to check if a transaction is propagated at least by 1 other client, or be notified by peer if it refuses to propagate a transaction? – Giuseppe Bertone Aug 27 '16 at 20:33
  • @GiuseppeBertone, unfortunately it seems there is currently no way to get any information about your transaction status in the network (if it was sent, accepted by other, etc). – Paweł Bylica Aug 28 '16 at 13:22

Replying to euri10's question (this should be a comment instead of an answer but I cannot format in comments), here is the geth --help snippet that displays the options to set the gas price options - try setting it to "0":

  --gasprice "20000000000"  Minimal gas price to accept for mining a transactions
  • Sometimes it's worth to suggest edits to answers if they only contain minor adjustments. – Afr Apr 10 '16 at 19:28

Every miner can set their own minimum gas price that they are accepting. So there is no consensus on what value should that be. Its just like how the transaction fee in Bitcoin works.


What's to stop every miner from wanting a high gas price?

Competition with other miners.

Say I set a high gas price, and you set a low gas price that's still high enough to be profitable. I will ignore transactions with a medium gas price, but they won't disappear; you'll mine them instead. This will make you more profitable than me. You'll be better able to fund higher hash rates, and if I continue I may find myself unprofitable as difficulty increases.

(This will be true as long as blocks aren't full of high-price transactions anyway.)

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