I have a ERC20 token on a wallet called ETH (Ethereum Meta) but I don't have any ETH on that address so I can't transfer the ERC20 tokens because I cant pay the gas fee. I have some ETH on another address. I don't want to send/deposit my ETH to the wallet that have the ERC20. so what I wanted was to know if it was by any way possible to pay the gas fee from another wallet? or let the receiver of the ERC20 pay the gas fee??
What you want isn't entirely possible, but there are edge cases that could help.
No, one account can't pay the gas fee for another accounts transaction at the lowest level in Ethereum. You would, in most cases, need to transfer the ETH from that account to the account that needs to do the other transaction.
However, ERC20 tokens do have the
transferFrom methods. With these, the account holding your ERC20 tokens could
approve the account with ETH to transfer its assets, paying the ETH fees for the transfer. (using
transferFrom). This does, of course, requires that the ERC20 account has already paid the ETH fee to do a transaction calling
approve. If you haven't done that, and can't, then the other account wont have the allowance to do a
transferFrom. At least, usually.
There are even more specific cases though where contracts allow you to set an allowance without needing to call
approve from the ERC20 account at all. An example is USDC (current implementation), specifically the
The former allows the USDC account to sign a message off-chain that says that another account can call the
permit function to set the allowance themselves, once. This is good if the approved account is then expected to transfer multiple/many times in the future without needing further approval/interaction with the USDC account holder.
transferWithAuthorization function is similar, but the USDC account signs a message that allows the other account to transfer up to a specific amount just once. This would be good for you if you just wanted to transfer all of the USDC out of an account one time.
In both of these cases, your USDC account wouldn't need any ETH to transferred to it to get the USDC fully out. However these aren't standard ERC20 functions. Some contracts may follow USDC and have them, some may implement similar but different methods, and most ERC20s don't have this at all.