The EVM instructions are in the yellow paper, or they are summed up in this answer. But their gas costs are not there. Where can I find a list of all instructions with their associated gas costs?

  • Is there an updated table that reflects changes in gas price post EIP158? – caslutz Sep 20 '17 at 13:28
  • If you have a new question, please ask it by clicking the Ask Question button. Include a link to this question if it helps provide context. - From Review – lungj Sep 20 '17 at 13:59
  • Possible duplicate of What OPCODES are available for the Ethereum EVM? – Vishal Sharma Dec 19 '17 at 9:18
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    Probably not a duplicate, as this question is specifically asking about gas costs, which the other question doesn't mention. – Richard Horrocks Dec 19 '17 at 9:51

The Yellow Paper is actively maintained and should always be current, and it's not as easy as a table, but the gas costs are there in Appendix G. Fee Schedule and read it with Appendix H.


A spreadsheet of opcodes and their gas costs that Ethereum launched with are here.

It has some analysis per How were gas costs chosen for the Ethereum Virtual Machine instructions?

The spreadsheet is titled 1.0 gas costs, so it might not be updated.

edit 2017-12-11: here is the EIP-150 revision of the spreadsheet

Here is a small snippet from it:

ADD .... 3
MUL .... 5
SUB .... 3
DIV .... 5
SDIV ... 5
MOD .... 5
SMOD ... 5
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  • This data is (has to be) also available in the source code format in node applications. – Mikko Ohtamaa Jan 18 '17 at 2:26
  • Thanks, I missed appendix G of the yellowpaper, I thought only appendix H was relevant – comodoro Jan 18 '17 at 11:48
  • An updated version of the spreadsheet is here: docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/… – maurelian Dec 11 '17 at 13:46
  • @maurelian Sorry to resurrect this. How are the values for those tagged Formulae calculated? – Vignesh Karthikeyan Jun 14 '18 at 21:45
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    @Meshugah, The only resources I'm aware of are at the right hand side of that table, or Appendix H of the yellow paper. ethereum.github.io/yellowpaper/paper.pdf – maurelian Jun 15 '18 at 21:42

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